South America was originally inhabited by the Indians. In the 16th century, the Spanish and the Portuguese discovered the South American shores and brought with them European bacteria to which the locals were not resistant. This caused 2/3 of the local population to die out, making it very easy for the Spanish and the Portuguese to take over the continent and start the colonization. This is why people speak Portuguese in Brazil.
The most crowded country in South America is Brazil, known for soccer, samba and capoeira. Cities like Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro have lots to offer and will captivate you. If you are ready to leave the cities behind you, go relax on one of the most famous beaches: have a caipirinha on Copacabana Beach.
Argentina is located just south of Brazil and is most famous for the glimmering glaciers and the national parks. Take the time during your flight in to learn some Spanish, this will make it easier for you to get in touch with the locals and their customs on your trip to the Humahuaca Valley. And do not miss the waterfalls at the Garganta Del Diablo, you will be blown away.
In Chile, a narrow land on the South American west coast, literally meaning “land where the earth stops”, you travel from north to south. You will probably most remember the Chilean wine and the lovely ocean views, or the many hikes in the national parks.
Peru, just north of Chile, exists of 3 different sceneries: subtropical rainforest, shores and mountains. The very rich Peruvian history is at the origin of a rather complex administration, causing the country to be split in 1821 different districts. The most beautiful thing about Peru it its biodiversity: so many different animals and plants are to be found here, from jaguars to anacondas… Peru is no place for sissies!
Argentina – Bolivia – Brazil – Chile – Colombia – Ecuador – Falkland Islands – French Guyana – Guyana Galapagos Islands – Easter Island – Peru – Suriname – Uruguay – South Georgia